What is dental prophylaxis?
Prevention is mainly avoidance of teeth and periodontal diseases and proper oral cavity cleaning. Through the prevention the patient is able to control the state of teeth. The dentist may minimize various diseases and ailment risks with the use of dedicated procedures. Proper sanitation eliminates bad breath, provides a feeling of freshness, prevents coffee, tea or cigarettes stains. One should take care of the teeth daily by cleaning them and, also, by paying the visit to the dentist office every 6-8 months. Proper prevention allows you to enjoy a long-lasting and healthy smile.
What are prevention methods?
- Scaling – plaque removal with the use of an ultrasonic tool, without enamel damage risk. The plaque develops when the bacterial plaque is not being removed during the daily oral cavity hygiene. It may be manifested by the bad breath and the intensity may vary depending on the patient. Scaling is a painless · procedure, however there may be some pain sensations in case of inflammation of the tissue or exposed tooth neck. In those cases the anaesthesia will be delivered. The next step after scaling is teeth polishing, which prevents plaque rebuilding. The procedure prevents the periodontitis.
- Sanding – the procedure of coffee, tea and cigarettes stains removal with the use of a special device – the sandblaster. It ejects a thin stream of water and air with sodium bicarbonate under high pressure. The procedure is completely painless and safe and it’s recommended to be performed at least twice a year, accordingly to the needs. It’s often followed by scaling, thanks to the high effectiveness of interdental and subgingival niches cleaning properties. Similarly to the scaling procedure, sanding prevents the periodontitis. Polishing of all the surfaces that have been cleaned is the final step.
- Fluoridation – this procedure is applied in caries prevention and in case of teeth hypersensitivity. It consists of covering the teeth with a high-dose of fluorine product. Before the application, the teeth must be cleaned thoroughly. After the application the product will harden, creating an invisible film. The fluoridation may be performed on children and adults, for it reinforces the teeth and makes them caries and acid resistant. It should be performed twice a year, but also after the plaque removal and in periodontal diseases. If there’s a higher caries risk, it may be performed more often. In case of hypersensitive teeth it may be necessary to perform the fluoridation procedure a few times, at 3-4 days intervals.
Why is prevention so important?
Proper teeth care is basic when it comes to oral cavity hygiene and it prevents many diseases. Visiting a dentist office is necessary, because the dentist will observe any worrying signs and will be able to prevent them (but also clean and secure the teeth). While at home, the patient should clean the teeth properly, accordingly to dentist’s indications, using tooth brushes, paste, dental floss. The teeth cleaning time is about 2-3 minutes, using circular movements. Thanks to these actions, you’ll be able to enjoy healthy teeth for a long time and reduce the treatment necessity to the minimum.