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Dental bridges

The loss of one or several teeth should result in the restoration of the original occlusal conditions. This effect can be achieved through the use of prosthetic solutions, such as bridges, crowns or prostheses. Thanks to the development of dental prosthetics, you can use more and more modern solutions that guarantee a perfect aesthetic effect. Completion of missing teeth is important because the presence of gaps in the teeth can lead to tooth dislocations in the dental arch or lowering the bone level. Teeth deficiencies not only spoil tooth aesthetics but also impair the function of chewing.

What is a permanent dental bridge?

A dental bridge is a prosthetic filling, permanently mounted in the oral cavity, that may only be removed by the doctor. The bridge is sustainably integrated into the tooth arch and it transfers mastication forces physiologically. Therefore the filling’s adaptation and chewing effectiveness is much higher than while using removable prostheses. The bridge consists of the span (that may recreate the missing tooth functions and shape in varying degrees) and connectors between the span and the pillar, which is the natural tooth or the root.

What are the advantages of a dental bridge?

  • The bridge is a permanent filling easy to adapt to and comfortable
  • Missing teeth filling
  • Dental bridges are aesthetic fillings based on zirconium oxide or metal covered with porcelain – no different from natural teeth
  • They transfer mastication forces physiologically to the roots

Due to its properties, the dental bridge is a perfect alternative for removable prostheses, provided that teeth pillars strong enough to hold the bridge’s span are present. If back teeth are missing the bridge cannot be applied, in that case the solutions are removable prostheses or implants.

What are the indications for a dental bridge?

  • Missing teeth
  • When the implantation is impossible due to alveolar bone atrophy
  • Economic reasons (a bridge is cheaper than implants)

What are the dental bridge types?

Depending on the material the bridges can be:

  • metal
  • ceramic
  • composite or acrylic
  • metal-acrylic
  • metal-ceramic
  • metal-composite

What are the advantages of a dental bridge?

  • Missing tooth or teeth filling
  • Physiological transfer of mastication forces to the roots
  • Easier to adapt to than removable prostheses

Disadvantages of a dental bridge:

  • The necessity of pillar tooth polishing
  • Alveolar bone atrophy under the span of the bridge

Because of those disadvantages, the best and recommended method of complementing the missing teeth is implantation, which avoids the necessity of polishing the living teeth and, being the kind of frame for the jaw bone – reduces the alveolar bone atrophy.

Dental Bridges we use in our clinic:

  • porcelain on steel
  • porcelain on gold
  • all-ceramic (based on zirconium oxide)
  1. Porcelain bridge on the steel core.  The most commonly used type with a good aesthetic result and reasonable price.
  2. Porcelain bridge on the golden core. The yellow colour of gold provides a better aesthetic result being close to the natural colour of teeth. Moreover, gold is highly biocompatible, so there’s no risk of allergy. It also has bacteriostatic properties.
  3. The all-ceramic bridge on the zirconium oxide core. It’s teeth-white colour provides the best aesthetic result. What’s more, zirconium oxide is highly biocompatible therefore the risk of allergy doesn’t exist. It doesn’t affect tomography or MRI – no metal in the structure whatsoever.

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